Located at the centre of Tenochtitlan the Templo Mayor was the religious and social heart of the Aztec empire. One was dedicated to Tlaloc, the god of water on the left side (as you face the structure), and one to Huitzilopochtli, deity of war and of the sun, on the right side. This enigmatic space will transport you back to the past, as we witness layers of prehispanic ruins, Spanish colonial vestiges and the bustling contemporary city around it. [3] Construction of the first temple began sometime after 1325, and it was rebuilt six times. Templo Mayor was the principal sites of Tenochtitlan, the former capital of the Aztec empire. … Am besten den Sonntag vermeiden, weil dann die lokale … This is the currently selected item. Accessibility Help. [12] Huitzilopochtli emerged from his mother Coatlicue fully grown and fully armed to battle his sister Coyolxauhqui and her brothers the Centzon Huitznahua who intended to kill him and their mother. Today of course, there is nothing left that stood much higher than where the serpents are today. [4], Fray Toribio de Motolinía, a Spanish friar who arrived to Mexico soon after the invasion, writes in his work Memoriales that the Aztec feast of Tlacaxipehualiztli "took place when the sun stood in the middle of [the Temple of] Huitzilopochtli, which was at the equinox". In 2014, we celebrated the 100th anniversary of the discovery of the Templo Mayor. In 2017, researchers unearthed a macabre tower of human skulls after two years of digging beneath the Templo Mayor site in Mexico City. The Sun Stone (The Calendar Stone) Coyolxauhqui Stone. Jun 6, 2014 - Templo Mayor (Main Temple). Therefore, digging down through this temple takes us back in time. It was dedicated simultaneously to Huitzilopochtli, god of war, and Tlaloc, god of rain and agriculture, each of … Der Templo Mayor wurde mehrmals vergrößert, im Jahre 1487 zum letzten Mal vor seiner Zerstörung. These twin shrines were their Templo Mayor, or Great Temple. However, the discovery did not generate great public interest in excavating further, because the zone was an upper-class residential area. Unarmed and trapped within the walls of the Sacred Precinct, an estimated 8,000–10,000 Aztec nobles were killed. Templo Mayor at Tenochtitlan, the Coyolxauhqui Stone, and an Olmec Mask . El Templo Mayor, originally called huei teocalli in Nahuatl, is located smack bang in what is now the center of modern day Mexico City, and therefore falls under Mexico City’s Historic Centre UNESCO World Heritage Site classification.Widely considered to be one of the Mexican capital’s eight most important Aztec archaeological sites, here’s our brief history of El Templo Mayor. Dimensions and Form The Templo Mayor was the most important structure at the centre of a large sacred precinct measuring 365 m (1,200 ft) on each side and surrounded by a wall which, because of its snake relief carvings, was known as the coatepantli or ‘Serpent Wall’. Also many of the offerings found at the Templo Mayor were or were made from various plants and animals. Adjoining this palace is the temple for these warriors—also known as the Red Temple. Other ceremonial items include musical instruments, jewelry, and braziers for the burning of copal. [5], From 1978 to 1982, specialists directed by archeologist Eduardo Matos Moctezuma worked on the project to excavate the Temple. [5] The site is part of the Historic Center of Mexico City, which was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1987. [5] This museum is the result of the work done since the early 1980s to rescue, preserve and research the Templo Mayor, its Sacred Precinct, and all objects associated with it. Only a platform to the north and a section of paving in the courtyard on the south side can still be seen. These buildings included other pyramids, gathering places, ornamental walls, shops and, of course, bathrooms. Templo Mayor was a temple in the capital city of the Aztecs, Tenochtitlan, in what is now Mexico City. Also located here are the two large ceramic statues of the god Mictlantecuhtli which were found in the House of the Eagle Warriors who were dedicated to Huitzilopochtli. Die Eintrittspreise für Museo del Templo Mayor können variieren. [13] While Cortes left for Veracruz to confront Spaniards looking to arrest him, Pedro de Alvarado learned of a plan to attack the Spaniards, and staged a pre-emptive attack on the Aztecs in the Sacred Precinct while they celebrated a religious festival.
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