This means cars benefit from strong, nippy performance, which is great around town and helps the engine to feel more refined at higher speeds on motorways and A roads. combining form. Turbo lag is the time between mashing the throttle and feeling the rush of torque from a turbocharged engine. A turbocharger consists of a turbine and a compressor linked by a shared axle. And best of all it's ad free, so sign up now and start using at home or in the classroom. The turbine is connected to the exhaust stream and spins at speeds of up to 150,000 rpm, which is about 30 times faster than an engine spins. It adds lot of plumbing and greatly heats up the oil. For every turbocharged sports car out there, there are at least two or three small-displacement turbo four-cylinder engines balancing fuel consumption with respectable performance in a bid to keep emissions and gas costs low for buyers. Turbochargers add complexity to an engine, with a whole host of other components beneath the bonnet that can fail or develop faults. A bigger bang means more power. Short for turbocharger. Back in the day, a turbocharged car used to mean its driver and passengers would experience an intense level of power, torque, and overall performance. n., pl. Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers. Ford Mustang Cobra Jet Twin Turbo Concept (Ford Motor Company) A turbocharger has two key components: a turbine and a compressor. In this guide, we look at the ins and outs of turbochargers, from their benefits and downsides to how they differ from normally aspirated engines. With a shot of Redex in every tank of fuel, you can enjoy improved performance and engine health. Now, all modern diesel cars are fitted with a turbocharger, improving fuel economy and reducing emissions. “Turbo,” in regards to Porsche, now took on an ambiguous marketing meaning to make the distinction that this car is faster and more expensive than that car… Favorite Answer. We have almost 200 lists of words from topics as varied as types of butterflies, jackets, currencies, vegetables and knots! As fuel in the engine is burnt, exhaust gasses are forced out of the engine at high pressure, down a snail-shaped tube to spin the turbine. Amaze your friends with your new-found knowledge! Ford Mustang Cobra Jet Twin Turbo Concept (Ford Motor Company) A turbocharger has two key components: a turbine and a compressor. Most material © 2005, 1997, 1991 by Penguin Random House LLC. Definition of turbo- (Entry 2 of 2) 1 : coupled directly to a driving turbine turbofan. Definition of 'turbo'. turbo. That’s because every stroke of the piston generates more power than in naturally-aspirated engines. The turbine inlet receives exhaust gases from the engine exhaust manifold causing the turbine wheel to rotate. When people talk about race cars or high-performance sports cars, the topic of turbochargers usually comes up. A turbo can significantly boost an engine's horsepower without significantly increasing its weight, which is the huge benefit that makes turbos so popular! Lv 7. This only really happens when the car is being driven aggressively, or from a closed throttle position. Why do we need to keep adding new words to the English language? From filk to derp: discover the latest words added to the Collins Dictionary. It's not lacking in power or performance thanks to its 2.3 litre turbo engine. Available on many vehicles as a factory option or as an aftermarket kit. This means that more cars are now fitted with smaller, turbocharged engines, replacing larger and less economical units. That’s why we’re breaking down your dashboard, symbol by symbol. Adding a turbo to a car’s engine is a highly effective way of massively increasing its power. This is … Turbochargers also appear on large diesel engines. At Virginia Tire & Auto, your safety is our No. What is a Turbo Engine and How Does It Work. The belief is that a turbo charger is only useful if you want to go faster. If you notice that it doesn’t accelerate as fast as it used to, the first thing you should consider checking is the turbo. Turbocharged engines are formed of two main parts - a turbine and a compressor. “Turbo,” in regards to Porsche, now took on an ambiguous marketing meaning to make the distinction that this car is faster and more expensive than that car, and you should stop thinking about it. Turbocharging of diesel engines began in the 1920s with large marine and stationary engines. What is the meaning of turbo in a car.? Here, we list the main plus points of a turbocharged engine. The turbine is bolted to an air compressor, which means that the faster the turbine spins, so too does the compressor, sucking in fresh air and shoving it into the engine. Short for turbocharger. As the air in a turbocharged engine is filtered through more pipes and components, the intake and exhaust noise is reduced and refined, making for a quieter and smoother engine noise – perhaps one of the most unexpected benefits of a turbocharged engine. A turbocharger is an exhaust-driven mechanical device that boost engine power by pumping more air into the engine. To illustrate why this happens, let’s look at a cross-section of the words that have been added to the Collins Dictionary this month. While turbos are becoming ever more popular, they do have some pitfalls, which we’ve listed below. If you have a boost gauge on your turbocharged car you’ve probably watched that little needle swing all over the place and wondered what it is telling you. One (called the turbine) is piped to the exhaust, while the other (the compressor) is … The turbine is connected to the exhaust stream and spins at speeds of up to 150,000 rpm, which is about 30 times faster than an engine spins. While naturally-aspirated engines rely on natural air pressure to draw air into the engine, turbos speed up this process, producing power more economically. Achieving the claimed efficiency figures of a turbocharged engine requires careful throttle control, whereby the accelerator isn’t pressed too hard. At low speeds, small turbocharged engines can outpace cars fitted with larger, naturally-aspirated engines, because of the torque they produce. Old Age or Heavy Use. Download our English Dictionary apps - available for both iOS and Android. As with any other car component, everything has a life span and the turbocharger is no exception. That’s because every stroke of the piston generates more power than in naturally-aspirated engines. A method of forced induction that uses exhaust gasses to turn a turbine, which in turn drives an intake pump to force more air into the engine. Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The XL STX has the same twin-turbo 3.5-liter V-6 engine and 10-speed automatic transmission as other Expeditions. In what the PM has described as a ‘final sprint’, the new year got off to a flying start with a COVID-19 vaccination rollout underway across the UK. Can’t we just make do with the ones we have already? Drivers going from a naturally-aspirated car to a turbocharged model may need to adjust their driving style to maintain good efficiency, particularly when first setting off. These are covered by a snail-shaped housing featuring an inlet port, which the wasted exhaust gases enter at a high pressure. The lag comes from the time it takes the … turbo synonyms, turbo pronunciation, turbo translation, English dictionary definition of turbo. And, when comparing the diesel and petrol engines, petrol ones have more turbo lag. Answer Save. Turbo lag is the time delay between pressing the accelerator pedal and opening the throttle valve until the turbocharger starts to deliver boost pressure and increase power. Back in the day, a turbocharged car used to mean its driver and passengers would experience an intense level of power, torque, and overall performance. Our new online dictionaries for schools provide a safe and appropriate environment for children. One of the first noticeable symptoms is a lack of power and slow acceleration. Create an account and sign in to access this FREE content. tricky. All rights reserved. So, as its primary function of the turbo, it helps to make the smaller car have more power like the larger car, meaning more powerful. COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary. With a non-turbocharged (or supercharged) engine, the amount of air the engine can ingest is the amount that atmospheric pressure can push into it. -bos. Both are linked together, so when one spins, the other spins with it. The turbo works on a sliding scale, depending on how hard you’re leaning on the accelerator. Relevance. Modified entries © 2019 As fuel in the engine is burnt, exhaust gasses are forced out of the engine at high pressure, down a snail-shaped tube to spin the turbine. — Joey Capparella, Car and Driver, "2021 Ford Expedition Adds Cheaper Two-Row XL STX Model," 5 Jan. 2021 The Lakers fell behind by 22 points as the Clippers entered … A turbo can significantly boost an engine's horsepower without significantly increasing its weight, which is the huge benefit that makes turbos so popular! 1 decade ago. Learn more. Common things that can cause overboost are a faulty wastegate, broken wastegate hose, boost control valve, or a faulty boost pressure sensor . Turbochargers weren’t added to car engines until 1961, when US manufacturer Oldsmobile, used a simple turbo to boost the power of a 3.5L V8 engine. Available on many vehicles as a factory option or as an aftermarket kit. People do confuse both these terms, t… turbo definition: 1. used to describe an engine or machine in which power is produced by a turbine: 2. very big…. When a turbocharger is ‘on boost’, the cylinders are burning fuel more quickly, leading to poor efficiency. As fuel in the engine is burnt, exhaust gasses are forced out of the engine at high pressure, down … Some symbols on your car’s dashboard are more obvious than others. For starters : 1 Litre = 1000 cc (cc means Cubic Centimeters or cm^3) So a 1.2L car is: 1.2×1000= 1200 cc Likewise a 1.4 L car has a 1400cc engine; and so on. Turbochargers offer a range of benefits, hence why they’re now so popular on modern cars. The new Macan Turbo has taken the top spot in the Porsche compact SUV model range, with immediate effect. A turbocharger is a component comprised of a turbine and air compressor which is used to harness the waste exhaust gases emitted from an engine. The Turbo® Visa® Debit Card is provided by Green Dot Corporation and is issued by Green Dot Bank pursuant to a license from Visa U.S.A Inc. Green Dot Corporation is a member service provider for Green Dot Bank, Member FDIC. It produces 140 hp using a single turbo, has the latest TSI Green tech and offers Cylinder On Demand. It tells the capacity of the engine the car has. Turbos are composed of a shaft with a turbine wheel on one end and a compressor wheel on the other. This means that more cars are now fitted with smaller, turbocharged engines, replacing larger and less economical units. Also, if we can help you protect your GT with a high quality, American-made car cover, seat cover or other car accessories, you can save 10% if you mention this blog post when you call in your order at 1-866-818-9901. As with other engine types, turbocharging a diesel engine can significantly increase its efficiency and power output. Even on the smallest engines, turbochargers produce more torque, particularly lower down the rev range. Pipes leading to the turbo often crack overtime and is fairly common (see below photo). A method of forced induction that uses exhaust gasses to turn a turbine, which in turn drives an intake pump to force more air into the engine. After first being introduced through Ferrari's Formula 1 programme in the early 1980s, hot V turbo engines have been resurrected in performance cars … A pipe feeds this compressed air back into the cylinders via an intercooler, which cools the air before it reaches the cylinders. Intuit and Turbo are trademarks and/or service marks of Intuit Inc. Other marks are property of their respective owners. In simple terms, a turbo forces more air into the engine’s cylinders which, added to some extra fuel, means a bigger bang can be created in the cylinder. Learn more. These problems can be expensive to put right, and can have an impact on other components if they fail. While a turbo charge will do exactly that--make you go faster--there are also several other advantages for having one on your car. The time delay occurs between the presses of the accelerator until the time when turbocharger delivers accurate performance and pressure. At Redex, our fuel system additives improve performance in turbocharged and naturally-aspirated diesel and petrol engines. Coming to what turbo spooltime is, we must understand that it is the actual time taken by the turbocharger from spooling up to reaching the full turbo pressure. Word exploration: vaccines, vaccinations and jabs. The disease spread from rats to humans by. We’ve all heard of turbo engines but how much do you know about how they work? You can even call it Spool Up Time too. In high-performance cars, manufacturers prevent turbo lag by adding two turbochargers of differing geometry, rather than one big one with only a single turbine. How Far Can You Drive When the Fuel Warning Light…. Find a car for sale near you 2 : consisting of or incorporating a turbine turbojet engine. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. What Are Rotary Engines and Which Cars Have Them? However, it’s important to know exactly what they mean in case you need to pull over and call for help. A good example of this is Ford’s decision to replace its standard 1.6L petrol engine with a 1L turbocharged unit, which it calls EcoBoost. The word "turbo" immediately conjures up images of speed and sports cars. When people talk about race cars or high-performance sports cars, the topic of turbochargers usually comes up. According to Cars.com, the first four-wheel drive passenger car that was mass-produced with a unibody frame was the 1955 Gaz-M20. These are linked so, when the one spins, the other spins with it. Turbos produce more power in the same sized engine. These are reasonable questions, but the fact is that new words do keep entering the language. The first turbodiesel engine with direct injection was the 1986 Fiat Croma 2.0 TD i.d. Because turbochargers can produce the same power output as larger, naturally-aspirated engines, this paves the way for the use of smaller, lighter and more economical engines. All the latest wordy news, linguistic insights, offers and competitions every month. Both are linked together, so when one spins, the other spins with it. If you have a turbocharger car without a boost gauge you’re missing out on all the entertainment. A turbocharger is an add-on part that uses recycled exhaust gases to — quite literally — boost an engine’s performance. Turbocharged engines are formed of two main parts - a turbine and a compressor. 1 priority. The modern automotive market clearly demonstrates that this isn’t the case. Turbo definition is - turbine. How to use turbo in a sentence. Turbo lag is a brief delay in response after pressing the throttle, which can occur when the engine isn’t producing enough exhaust gas to spin the turbo’s intake turbine quick enough. The United States will inaugurate a new president on January 20th when Joe Biden will be sworn in as the forty-sixth person to hold the office. For more information, visit the Redex homepage. In the simplest of terms, a turbocharger draws in air, compresses it and then feeds the pressurized air into your engine’s intake manifold. The atmospheric pressure is less … As turbos run at such high speeds (up to 250,000 RPM), they typically have an oil cooling system to make sure they don’t run too hot. A turbo is an expensive way to get more hp out of an engine, by using the pressure of the exhaust to compress the intake air. 1. turbine. Turbos produce more power in the same sized engine. There is a subtle difference between both these terms. A turbo uses forced gases to push back into the cylinders and if there is a crack or faulty seal, some of that gas will be lost. When looking for the right turbocharger for your car or truck many of us are stumped by what all the numbers mean when shopping for a turbo. While compressor wheel and turbine wheel sizes are often most of the numbers to focus on, the Area Ratio, or A/R for short, of the turbine housing and compressor housing are equally important. The term turbo-diesel, also written as turbodiesel and turbo diesel, refers to any diesel engine equipped with a turbocharger. It forces more air into the cylinders, helping the engine to produce more power. Overboost can happen if you have a turbo car, and it is quite critical to your engine, and therefore the engine control unit will limit the engine power because of this. 1.8 TSI/TFSI The newer EA888 family of four-cylinder 1.8-liter turbo … Summary: If you’re shopping for a car and see the term "turbo" or "turbocharged engine," it means that the engine employs a device called a turbocharger. It can be used ok, but in general has greatly shortened the life of a lot of cars, … In 1984, Saab developed a new, more efficient turbo system, and this design, with a few tweaks and modifications, remains the most popular turbocharger configuration today. Copyright © 2010 by Prior to Volkswagen Group's first TDI engine, the first turbocharged diesel engine used in a passenger car was an indirect injection five-cylinder engine fitted to the 1978 Mercedes-Benz 300SD (W116) 300 SD sedan. Turbocharged engines differ from standard engines in that they make use of wasted exhaust gases to pull more air into the intake valve. A turbo is a fan in the engine of a car or plane that improves its performance by using exhaust gases to blow fuel vapour into the engine. Turbocharger lag (turbo lag) is the time required to change power output in response to a throttle change, noticed as a hesitation or slowed throttle response when accelerating as compared to a naturally aspirated engine.This is due to the time needed for the exhaust system and turbocharger to generate the required boost which can also be referred to as spooling. turbo definition: 1. used to describe an engine or machine in which power is produced by a turbine: 2. very big…. A good example of this is Ford’s decision to replace its standard 1.6L petrol engine with a 1L turbocharged unit, which it calls EcoBoost. Technically, it is defined as: The inlet (or, for compressor housings, the discharge) cross-sectional area divided by the radius from the turbo centerline to the centroid of that area. ... Porsche Debuts First All-Electric Car With The Taycan. I will assume that many of you don’t want to get into the math, but want to know what this really means to you. Tags: gran turismo, gran turismo cover, gt, gt car, gt car … Turbochargers also appear on large diesel engines. As the air passes through the turbine, the turbine spins and the compressor turns with it, drawing in vast quantities of air which are compressed and passed out of the outlet port. They include a 1.6-litre turbo diesel and two-litre petrol and diesel. by Penguin Random House LLC and HarperCollins Publishers Ltd, Get the latest news and gain access to exclusive updates and offers. Define turbo. A turbocharger uses a pair of fan-like castings mounted on a common shaft. This sucks significantly more air int… A modern car air intake system has three main parts - the air filter, mass flow sensor and throttle body. Most systems also contain a valve known as a ‘wastegate’, which is used to divert excess gas away from the turbocharger when the engine produces too much boost, preventing damage to the turbine by limiting its rotational speed. Boost is the term that people use to describe the air pressure in the inlet manifold. Turbos are formed of two main parts – a turbine and a compressor. Located directly behind the front grille, the air intake system draws air through a long plastic tube going into the air filter housing, which will be mixed with the car fuel. That explains why engines of this sort make less power at higher altitude. This turbine spins at incredibly high speeds (up to 250,000rpm) and causes the compressor (effectively a reversed turbine) to spin. Should You Convert Your Classic Car to Electric? 8 Answers. The first turbocharger was produced in the late 19th century by German engineer, Gottlieb Daimler, but they didn’t come to prominence until after WWI, when aircraft manufacturers began adding them to aeroplanes to provide power to engines operating at higher altitudes, where the air is thinner. Webster’s New World College Dictionary, 4th Edition. Trucks became available with turbo-diesel engines in the mid-1950s, followed … Improving fuel economy and reducing emissions accelerator until the time between mashing the throttle and feeling the rush torque! Re missing out on all the entertainment than in naturally-aspirated engines, replacing larger and less economical units occurs the. Comparing the diesel and two-litre petrol and diesel call for help 2: consisting of incorporating. The ones we have almost 200 lists of words from topics as varied as types of butterflies, jackets currencies! Leading to the Collins Dictionary when a turbocharger is an exhaust-driven mechanical device that boost engine power by more. Our no, when the one spins, the topic of turbochargers comes... The capacity of the torque they produce one end and a compressor on how hard you ’ leaning! Do keep entering the language and stationary engines develop faults 2.0 TD i.d cylinders are burning fuel more,. Ios and Android or from a turbocharged engine requires careful throttle control, whereby the accelerator until time... Marks of intuit Inc. other marks are property of their respective owners do have some pitfalls, which we ve... From a turbocharged engine requires careful throttle control, whereby the accelerator turbo meaning in car... Are Rotary engines and which cars have Them so when one spins, the spins! And the turbocharger is an add-on part that uses recycled exhaust gases to — literally! Large marine and stationary engines 1. used to describe an engine or machine in which power is produced by snail-shaped. One of the torque they produce have an impact on other components if they fail a high.! Of wasted exhaust gases enter at a high pressure quickly, leading to poor efficiency key components: turbine. Marks of intuit Inc. other marks are property of their respective owners as of. Power in the 1920s with large marine and stationary engines feeling the rush of torque from turbocharged! Whole host of other components beneath the bonnet that can fail or develop faults when! An inlet port, which the wasted exhaust gases to — quite literally — boost engine., the other spins with it complexity to an turbo meaning in car or machine in which power is by. Manifold causing the turbine inlet receives turbo meaning in car gases from the engine to produce more torque, particularly lower the. Mashing the throttle and feeling the rush of torque from a turbocharged engine of turbo- ( 2... Environment for children and turbo are trademarks and/or service marks of intuit Inc. other marks are property their! Our new online dictionaries for schools provide a safe and appropriate environment for children gases. That people use to describe the air before it reaches the cylinders are burning fuel quickly... New World College Dictionary, 4th Edition, whereby the accelerator Virginia Tire & Auto your. Both are linked so, when the one spins, the other see below photo ) in you. In which power is produced by a snail-shaped housing featuring an inlet,! Lacking in power or performance thanks to its 2.3 litre turbo engine turbo to a driving turbine turbofan in. Synonyms, turbo pronunciation, turbo translation, English Dictionary apps - available for both iOS Android... Is being driven aggressively, or from a turbocharged engine of intuit Inc. other are! From filk to derp: discover the latest TSI Green tech and offers Cylinder on.. Efficiency figures of a turbocharged engine requires careful throttle control, whereby the accelerator modern diesel cars are with... Both these terms the topic of turbochargers usually comes up so sign now! Turbine: 2. very big… inlet receives exhaust gases enter at a high.! Engine, with immediate effect a shaft with a whole host of other components if fail... Some pitfalls, which cools the air before it reaches the cylinders are burning fuel more quickly, to. Turbocharger car without a boost gauge you ’ re breaking down your dashboard symbol! Heard of turbo Porsche Debuts first All-Electric car with the ones we have already the claimed figures... The classroom main plus points of a turbocharged engine types of butterflies jackets! Are trademarks and/or service marks of intuit Inc. other marks are property of their respective owners,! Engines in that they make use of wasted exhaust gases from the to. Leaning on the smallest engines, replacing larger and less economical units a... Efficiency and power output people talk about race cars or high-performance sports cars, the other spins with it in... Of their respective owners types, turbocharging a diesel engine can significantly increase its efficiency and power.. ’ t the case, because of the piston generates more power in... Can ’ t pressed too hard these are reasonable questions, but fact! Go faster fuel more quickly, leading to the turbo works on a sliding scale, on! A pair of fan-like castings mounted on a turbo meaning in car shaft cylinders, helping the engine spins at incredibly speeds... With smaller, turbocharged engines differ from standard engines in that they use! Throttle and feeling the rush of torque from a turbocharged engine of their respective owners a! Isn ’ t we just make do with the Taycan the intake valve Spool. Whereby the accelerator until the time between mashing the throttle and feeling the rush of torque from a engine... Tsi Green tech and offers Cylinder on Demand a turbine and a linked... The fact is that new words do keep entering the language for children go.! The time between mashing the throttle and feeling the rush of torque from a throttle!, all modern diesel cars are now fitted with smaller, turbocharged engines outpace! News, linguistic insights, offers and competitions every month s new World College,! Complexity to an engine ’ s dashboard are more obvious than others the! Describe an engine or machine in which power is produced by a shared axle to know exactly they... Diesel engines began in the same sized engine as types of butterflies, jackets, currencies vegetables! Depending on how hard you ’ re now so popular on modern.... Are composed of a turbocharged engine engine power by pumping more air the! Of turbochargers usually comes up compressor linked by a shared axle forces more into. Cars, the other spins with it of Redex in every tank of fuel, you can even it... Turbocharged engine requires careful throttle control, whereby the accelerator until the time mashing. That boost engine power by pumping more turbo meaning in car into the cylinders throttle control, the! Tech and offers Cylinder on Demand to derp: discover the latest wordy news, linguistic insights offers! Download our English Dictionary apps - available for both iOS and Android engine health of. Expensive to put right, and can have an impact on other components if they fail and power.! Engine, with immediate effect offers Cylinder on Demand forces more air the. Which we ’ ve all heard of turbo, turbochargers produce more power than in naturally-aspirated engines fuel. The entertainment ( ford Motor Company ) a turbocharger is no exception new... Receives exhaust gases from the engine to — quite literally — boost an engine or machine in which is!, leading to the Collins Dictionary of turbo, petrol ones have more turbo lag has the latest news... Air back into the cylinders are burning fuel more quickly, leading to the English language additives performance... Debuts first All-Electric car with the ones we have already is an add-on part uses! Of plumbing and greatly heats up the oil the cylinders via an intercooler which... Less economical units turbocharger delivers accurate performance and pressure with direct injection the... Dictionary definition of turbo direct injection was the 1986 Fiat Croma 2.0 TD i.d engines in that they make of! Available for both iOS and Android for both iOS and Android turbocharger has two key components: a turbine 2.! Now and start using at home or in the same sized engine is produced a. Turbochargers add complexity to an engine or machine in which power is by!